Issue 8 References

Genius Loci by Stephen Goddard

Stephen Goddard is an Associate Lecturer in Graphic Design at UNSW Art & Design. This article is based on extracts from his recent Master of Design (Honours) research thesis Cold Sweat: Making it in an Anxious World (2019), available at Cold sweat: making it an anxious world and made possible through the Australian Government’s Research Training Scheme.

‘It’s early … or his father before him.’ Goddard, S. (2019). Cold Sweat: Making it in an Anxious World [Master of Design Thesis]. Retrieved 29/6/2019 from Cold sweat: making it in an anxious world, pp.6-8.

‘During the course of this research … state in which we all (increasingly) live. Ibid. p.18.

‘The so-called ‘MONA Effect’ now resonates broadly throughout the cities and regions of the state.’ Crompton, L. & Zengerer, C. (2018). MONA effect ripples out beyond Hobart to regional Tasmania [website]. Retrieved (14/2/2019) from MONA effect ripples out to regional Tasmania

‘Sweat has been my life … brings additional urgency to Cold, Sweat and Place.’ Goddard, S. (2019). Cold Sweat: Making it in an Anxious World [Master of Design Thesis]. Retrieved (29/6/2019) from Cold sweat: making it in an anxious world, p.15.

‘Umbilically severed from mainland mother, invisibly connected with the great southern white beard and within jet’s cooee of cousin Kiwi, Tasmania is strangely situated. ‘Island of lost souls’ in part it is.’ Waterlow, N. (1989) Genius Loci: Spirit of Place [Exhibition Catalogue]. University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, p.1.

‘Port Arthur’s convict history (which subsequent to Genius Loci was also the site of the 1996 gun massacre that saw 35 people killed’ A brief insight into the events at Port Arthur can be found at the National Museum’s Defining Moments website. Retrieved (29/6/2019) from Port Arthur massacre

‘Tasmania’s colonial past and the ‘holocaustic effects’ of George Augustus Robinson’s ‘attempts to “civilize” and “Christianise” the Tasmanian Aboriginal race’; and Queenstown as a reminder of the damage from Tasmania’s industrial past.’ Ibid.

‘The notion that Tasmania represents the conscience of Australia is not too far-fetched.’ Ibid.

‘Premier, Robin Gray, spearheaded a charge to dam the Franklin River and flood significant tracts of pristine rainforest (though this was ultimately averted in an unprecedented show of national protest solidarity).’ The Franklin Dam and history of the intervention of the Greens can also be found at the National Museum’s Defining Moments website. Retrieved (29/6/2019) from Franklin Dam and the Greens

‘Richard Hale (there were only eight of us in our final year) led the ultimately successful United Nations campaign with Rodney Croome and Nick Toonan to have these laws overturned.’ Rodney Croome, Nick Toonan and Richard Hale ultimately received Honours for their work in human rights in Tasmania as described in a 2003 article in the Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved (29/6/2019) from Establishment honour for gay activists

‘Strahan Visitor Centre on the west coast of Tasmania, which opened in 1992 and was a formative opportunity for me as a young assistant graphic designer. What emanated from this project was ground-breaking magic-realist architecture and fitout by Robert Morris-Nunn and Kevin Perkins, charged texts by Richard Flanagan, and graphic design led by Lynda Warner, in addition to the inclusion of work by a broad and collaborative team of Tasmanian artists.’ Fallon, L. And Kristen, L. (2003). Experiences from the Strahan Visitor Center. In Black, R. and Weller, B. (2003). Interpreting the Land Down Under: Australian Heritage Interpretation and Tour Guiding. Fulcrum Publishing, Golden, Colorado, p.48.

Imagination, Narrative and Place by Felix Oppen

Harari, Y N, Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind, Harper, New York, 2011

Interview between Felix Oppen with Anne Vu and Cat Burgess and Carlo Giannasca of Frost*collective conducted on 29 July 2019

The Matrix, film, Dir. Lana and Lilly Wachowski, 1999

deFrost Talk #46, de-Frost (accessed 20/9/2019)

Frost*Paper, Frost Collective (accessed 20/9/2019)

Lynch,K. The Image of the City, The MIT Press, Cambridge MA, 1960

Navigating the in-between

'… homelessness in Australia has increased by 14% since 2011' Australian Bureau of Statisitics (2018). Census of Population and Housing: Estimating Homelessness, 2016. Canberra, ACT: Australian Bureau of Statistics.

'… a recent street count in Melbourne indicating a 200% increase in rough sleepers' City of Melbourne (2018). Street Count 2018. Melbourne, VA: City of Melbourne.

'From the abandonment of the Rudd Government’s 2008 National Rental Affordability Act' Pawson, H. and Parsell, C. (2018). Homelessness: Australia’s shameful story of policy complacency and failure continues. The Conversation. [online] Available at: Homeless: Australia's shameful story of policy complacency and failure continues (accessed 05/09/19)

'government prioritisation of profit over welfare for the last decade accounts for much of the growing problem' Delaney, B. (2019). 'National obscenity': Australia's story of housing boom and homelessness. The Guardian. [online] Available at: 'National obscenity': Australia's story of housing boom and homelessness (accessed 05/09/19)

'widely pronounced death of public space' Bodnar, J. (2015) Reclaiming public space. Urban Studies, 52, 2015, 2090-2104.

'the commercialisation of public space goes hand in hand with its privatisation' ibid.

'each citizen’s position as the “protagonist of the city” with an inalienable “right to the city”' Lefebvre, H. (1973) Le Droit à la Ville. Paris: Anthropos.

'comprehensive market logic' ibid.

'As our cities are increasingly designed to reflect “exchange-value”' Brenner, N., Marcuse, P., Mayer, M., (2011) Cities for People, Not for Profit: Critical Urban Theory and the Right to the City. Routledge.

'one to neatly fit within the role of the “consumer-citizen”' Nissen, S. (2008) Urban Transformation From Public and Private Space to Spaces of Hybrid Character. Czech Sociological Review, vol. 44, 1129-1149.

'the gentrification and edging out of Indigenous communities in Redfern' Sydney Morning Herald, Redfern's soaring rents push Aboriginal community to the fringe

'sale of harbour-side social housing building The Sirius' Sydney Morning Herald, Sirius building to be refurbished as new government nets 150 million in sell-off

'New South Wales passed a law deeming the encampment a “public health” issue … it housed 157 people and provided 24/7 security, safety and kitchen access' Sydney Morning Herald, Martin Place tent city: Premier Gladys Berejiklian announces change to legislation on Sydney Crown land, August 8, 2017 (accessed 13/11/2019)

'Where design thinking and practices are instrumental in ‘designing out’ those considered “undesirable”' Nissen, S. (2008) Urban Transformation From Public and Private Space to Spaces of Hybrid Character. Czech Sociological Review, vol. 44, 1129-1149.

'closure, fortification and exclusion' Shaftoe, H. (2008) Convivial Urban Spaces: Creating Effective Public Places. 1st ed., Routledge, pp. 11-43.

'it is actually the presence of enough different people, enough “eyes on the street”, that allows us safety and vibrancy in our public spaces.' J Jacobs, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, in, New York, Vintage Books, 2016.

‘paraSITE’ M Rakowitz, parasite, (accessed 2018)

'In considering “contested cities” and the role of urban design, … design is not a neutral tool but an active part of the process in which the “hierarchy of power”' F Gaffikin, M Mceldowney & K Sterrett, "Creating Shared Public Space in the Contested City: The Role of Urban Design", in Journal of Urban Design, vol. 15, 2010, 493-513.

'flexible node for capital investment' R Van Deusen Jr., "Public space design as class warfare: Urban design, the `right to the city' and the production of Clinton Square, Syracuse, NY", in GeoJournal, vol. 58, 2002, 149-158.

'saturation point at which the high pitched screaming of consumer selling is no more than sheer noise' K Garland, “First Things First”, The Guardian, January 1962

'consumerism is running uncontested' J Barnbrook, et al, “First Things First Manifesto 2000”, Eye, No. 33, Vol. 9, 1999

'challenged by other perspectives expressed, in part, through the visual languages and resources of design' ibid.

The Invisible Designer

Happy International year of Soils, Berowra Backyard (accessed 20/09/2019)

The Sydney Morning Herald, Peter Spooner: Architect shaped attitudes to landscape design (accessed 24/09/2019)

Landscape Australia, The ten most significant works of Australian landscape architecture 1966–2000 (accessed 24/09/2019)

AILA, Vale Professor Peter Spooner (accessed 24/09/2019)

The Vertical and the Horizontal of Place and Design by Jacqueline Hill

‘A sense of place is the sixth sense, an internal compass and map made by memory and spatial perception together.’ Solnit, R., AZ Quotes (accessed 20/06/2019)

For examples of the Banknotes see this Wikipedia Page (accessed 13/11/2019)

‘from the moment of their release, Andrew’s designs became a part of the contemporary Australian national identity.’ ‘Designs of Note’, Currency, April 2009, pp 6–11.

‘Our brains are hardwired to think in terms of place to associate psychic value or meaning to the places we inhabit.’ Dickey, C., (2016), Ghostland: An American history in haunted places, Penguin Books, NY, NY.

‘The focus of ÉMIGRÉ is on the unique perspective of creatives who live or have lived outside their native countries. Their influence on culture is diverse and significant: they import and export it; they offer new interpretations, comparisons, ideas, and a certain universal wisdom acquired through juggling conflicting values and lifestyles. Their perspective is born of the émigré spirit that all of us share but exercise to various degrees.’ Vander Lans, R., (1993), Émigré (The Book), John Wiley and Sons. Inc, NY, NY.

‘It is necessary to emphasise here the extent to which horizontal and vertical movements can produce quite different subconscious reactions. Humans like to compare themselves with the vertical, the active element on a given plane and the symbol of living existence, which grows upward. The horizontal is given: the vertical has to be made. Humans are accustomed to comparing their activity with passivity, and in the same sense a vertical exists only by comparison with a given horizontal’ Frutiger, A., (1989), Signs and Symbols: Their design and meaning, Van Nostrand Reinhold, NY,NY

‘It is often said Australians are better responding to adversity than prosperity.’ Green, R., (2015), Ockham’s Razor, 23.05.2015

‘some have described it as physically threatening, unforgivingly harsh and vast.’ Poynor, R., (2002), ‘Look inward: graphic design in Australia’, Eye, Winter 2002, Vol.46, Eye Magazine (accessed 10/06/2019)

 ‘if you don’t pay attention to where you’re from, you sometimes get lost trying to be global.’ Butler, A., (2014) DJ Stout of Pentagram at Design Indada 2014, Designboom, 18.04.2014, Design Boom (accessed 21/06/2019)